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Lesson 9
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Intermediate English
Lesson 9 - Sports/Hobbies
Grammar

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Adverbs in English

Adverbs are words that describe verbs. In the sentence below, "slowly" describes how he walked.

He walked slowly.

-ly
In English we usually add -ly to an adjective to form an adverb.

Adjective - Adverb
slow - slow
ly

y -> ily
If an adjective ends with y, change the y to i and add ly.

Adjective - Adverb
easy - eas
ily

le -> ly
If an adjective ends with an le, change the le to ly.

Adjective - Adverb
simple - simp
ly

Irregular Adverbs
Some adverbs are irregular. You don't add -ly.

Adjective - Adverb
fast - fast (It is irregular because we don't add -ly to form the adverb.)
good - well

 

Practice
Change the adjective to an adverb.

example
quick

1. lazy 

2. perfect 

3. good 

4. fast 

5. beautiful 

6. terrible 

 

Practice
Change the adjective in parentheses to an adverb and use it in the sentence.

example
He drives. (quick)

1. He sings. (terrible)
   
   

2. She dances. (graceful)
   
   

3. She works. (careful)
   
   

4. They cook. (good)
   
   

5. He shouted. (angry)
   
   

6. They drive. (dangerous)
   
   

7. She sews. (bad)
   
   

8. He writes. (fast)
   
   

 

Can

The word can is used to tell about ability.

I can swim.

The negative of can is cannot or the contraction can't.

I cannot swim.
I can't swim.

To form a question, can goes before the subject.

Can you swim?

Practice
Answer the questions with short answers "Yes, I can." or "No, I can't." according to what you can or can't do. There are no correct or incorrect answers.

1. Can you swim?

2. Can you play baseball?

3. Can you ride a bicycle?

4. Can you play tennis?

5. Can you ski?

6. Can you ride a horse?

 

Practice
Write a sentence with "can" or "can't" according to what you can or can't do. Click on the CHECK button to check your answers when you finish.

example
play football - or -
(It depends on if you can or can't play football.)

1. play golf
   

2. ride a horse
   

3. ski
   

4. skate
   

5. swim
   

 

Find the Mistake

Instructions
Find the errors in the sentences.  Write the sentences correctly.

example
She are a student. --> She is a student. 

1. He plays the piano terriblly.
  

2. She dances beautiful.  
  

3. He drives slow.
  

4. She finished the project easyly.
  

5. They drove fastly.
  

 

Study English Abroad

You will find more information about studying English abroad and inexpensive alternatives to studying abroad in the Study Abroad area of Passport to English.

Study Abroad Information
Why study abroad?
What to look for in a study abroad program
Types of Programs
Alternatives to Study Abroad
Home Exchange

 

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