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Lesson 1
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Intermediate English
Lesson 1 - Greetings
Spelling

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How to form plurals in English

This guide in .pdf.     All of the English Guides

To make a word plural, we add a letter S to the word.

book - books


If a word ends with an S, CH, SH, or X, we add "es." With some (but not all) words that end with O, we also add "es" to form the plural.

class - classes


If a word ends in a consonant and then the letter Y, we change the Y to an I and then add ES. (If the word ends in a vowel and then the letter Y, it doesn't change.)

city - cities 


Some (but not all) words that end with F or FE, change to VES in the plural.

leaf - leaves

wife - wives


There are some words that change in the plural. They are irregular.

man - men

woman - women

child - children

tooth - teeth

foot - feet

 

Practice
Change the words to plural.

example:
book 

1)  glass   

2)  pencil   

3)  notebook   

4)  tax   

5)  wish   

6)  knife   

7)  church   

8)  man   

9)  child   

10) tooth   

11) tray   

12) country   

 

 

Recommend Passport to English to your friends!

 

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