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Lesson 6
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Advanced English
Lesson 6 - House
Grammar

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Infinitive or Gerund?

Some verbs are always used with verbs in the infinitive form (to + verb).

I need to study.

Other verbs are always used with verbs in the gerund form (verb + -ing).

He started working.

Other verbs can be used with either form.

I like swimming.
I like to swim.

Verbs used with the infinitive (to + verb)

arrange
demand
expect
hope
manage
need
offer
plan
promise
refuse
threaten
want
would like

Practice
Write sentences with the following information. Remember that all of these verbs are used with the infinitive.

example
I/plan/study tomorrow

1. He/arranged/have the wedding in the park
   
   

2. She/wants/work in that company
   
   

3. I/expected/pass the test
   
   

4. He/demanded/see the doctor
   
   

5. They/offered/help us
   
   

6. We/promise/work harder
   
   

7. I/hope/finish the project
   
   

8. She/needs/study the vocabulary
   
   

9. They/refuse/do the work
   
   

10. She/managed/become the director of the company
   
   

11. I/would like/go to Hawaii
   
   

12. He/threatened/destroy the evidence
   
   

 

Verbs used with the gerund (verb + -ing)

begin
finish
give up
miss
practice
start
stop

Practice
Write sentences with the following information.  Remember that all of these verbs are used with the gerund.

example
She/stopped/smoke/last week

1. She/finished/clean/the house
   
   

2. He/started/work/at a new job
   
   

3. I/practiced/write/sentences in English
   
   

4. He/gave up/drink/alcohol
   
   

5. I/miss/eat/food from my country
   
   

6. They/began/paint/the house
   
   

 

Verbs used with the infinitive or gerund

hate
like
love

Practice
Write these sentences in two ways.

example
I/hate/cook

Infinitive

Gerund

1. I/like/swim

    Infinitive
   
   

    Gerund
   
   

2. She/loves/read

    Infinitive
   
   

    Gerund
   
   

3. They/hate/clean

    Infinitive
   
   

    Gerund
   
   

 

Practice
Select the correct form of the verb. In some there is more than one correct answer (if you can use the infinitive or gerund).

1. He stopped .
   

2. I expect the project next week.
   

3. They offered her.
   

4. We need .
   

5. I promise the work tomorrow.
   

6. She hopes English quickly.
   

7. I hate .
   

8. He gave up .
   

9. We plan on vacation next month.
   

10. We finished the homework.
   

11. She refused the work.
   

12. I like .
   

13. I love to restaurants.
   

14. We began English last year.
   

15. He started an hour ago.
   

16. I miss my family.
   

17. I want to Europe.
   

18. He threatened the project.
   

19. I practiced English.
   

20. We would like dinner.
   

 

Find the Mistake

Instructions
Find the errors in the sentences.  Write the sentences correctly.

example
She are a student. --> She is a student.

1. There are cockaroches in the house.  
  

2. The toilet is stoped up.
  

3. She finished to work.
  

4. I need study the verbs.
  

5. I started to study English.
  

 

Study English Abroad

You will find more information about studying English abroad and inexpensive alternatives to studying abroad in the Study Abroad area of Passport to English.

Study Abroad Information
Why study abroad?
What to look for in a study abroad program
Types of Programs
Alternatives to Study Abroad
Home Exchange

 

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