Beginning English -
Lesson 2 - School
This page: The difference between "an" and "an," how to form plurals, and telling time.
Pages in this lesson: Vocabulary - Grammar - Listening - Dialogue - Reading - Pronunciation - Dictation - Game
Watch the "The English Minute" video below to learn how to use the articles "a" and "an" in English. The English Minute (www.theenglishminute.com) is website designed for mobile phones that has short English lessons with videos.
The words "a" and "an" are articles to indicate one thing. We use "a" when the word starts with a consonant.
a book a man a game
We use "an" when the word starts with a vowel.
an apple an orange an eraser
There are words that start with a consonant but the first SOUND is a vowel sound.
an hour (We don't pronounce the "h" in this word.)
There are also words that start with a vowel but the first SOUND is a consonant sound.
a university (We pronounce this word as if it started with the letter "y," a consonant sound.)
* Exceptions - See explanation above.
Watch the "The English Minute" video below to learn how form the plural in English.
Usually we add an S to a word to make it plural.
book - books
If a word ends with an S, CH, SH, or X, we add "es." With some (but not all) words that end with O, we also add "es" to form the plural.
class - classes
If a word ends with a consonant and then the Y, we change the Y to an I and then add ES. (If the word ends with a vowel and then Y, it doesn't change.)
city - cities
key - keys
Some (but not all) words that end with F or FE, change to VES in the plural.
leaf - leaves
wife - wives
Irregulars - There are some words that change in the plural. They are irregular.
man - men
woman - women
child - children
tooth - teeth
foot - feet
Watch the "The English Minute" videos below to learn how to say the time in English.
More ways to write the time:
1:15 - It's a quarter after one.
Write a list of things in the room where you are (to practice with the articles, numbers, and plurals). You can write on piece of paper or in the comments section below.
a pencil, an eraser, two books, etc.
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