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Lesson 5
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Advanced English
Lesson 5 - Family
Grammar

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had to

The past tense of "have to" is "had to."

Affirmative - I had to study. 
Negative - I didn't have to study.
Question - Did you have to study?

Practice
Here is a list of rules that Rachel had to obey when she was little.  

Family Rules

1. Do your homework right when you get home from school.
2. Keep your room clean.
3. Rinse your dishes and put them in the sink after a meal.
4. Make your bed in the morning.
5. Set the table before dinner.

Make sentences using "had to" about what Rachel had to do when you was a girl.

example
Rule #1 - She had to do her homework right when she got home from school.

Rule #2

Rule #3

Rule #4

Rule #5

 

Rachel's husband Ivan didn't have these rules in his house.  Make statements using "didn't have to" about the rules.

Family Rules

(Rules from Rachel's family that her husband
Ivan didn't have to obey when he was little.)

1. Do your homework right when you get home from school.
2. Keep your room clean.
3. Rinse your dishes and put them in the sink after a meal.
4. Make your bed in the morning.
5. Set the table before dinner.

example
Rule #1 - He didn't have to do his homework right when he got home from school.

Rule #2

Rule #3

Rule #4

Rule #5

 

Two Uses of the Verb "have"

The verb have can be used to indicate possession or can be used in the present perfect tense.

I have a car. - Indicates possession.
I have finished. - Present Perfect

When have indicates possession, it is conjugated like a regular verb in American English.  It requires an auxiliary verb (do/does) in the negative and question form.

Present Tense (I/You/We/They)
You have a car.
You don't have a car.
Do you have a car?

Present Tense (He/She/It)
He has a car.
He doesn't have a car.
Does he have a car?

When have is used with the present perfect, the word have itself can be used as an auxiliary verb.  

Present Perfect (I/You/We/They)
You have finished.
You haven't finished.
Have you finished?

Present Perfect (He/She/It)
He has finished.
He hasn't finished.
Has he finished?

Practice
Select the correct meaning of have in each of the following sentences. 

1. They have a beautiful house.

2. He has visited Florida many times.

3. Has she gone to school?

4. They don't have a TV.

5. They haven't cooked dinner.

6. Mary has long hair.

7. The children have a lot of toys.

8. Helen hasn't seen that movie.

9. George has a new computer.

10. My teacher has studied French.

 

Practice
Make the sentences negative.  Remember that when have indicates possession, you have to use don't or doesn't.  When have is used with the present perfect, you can simply add not to the sentence (or use the contractions haven't or hasn't).  In this lesson use the contracted form of the negative.

examples
He has a car.

He has driven the car.

1. She has finished the test.
    
    

2. They have a lot of money.
    
    

3. Her parents have called them.
    
    

4. Donna has a television.
    
    

5. They have a new car.
    
    

6. She has seen the movie.
    
    

7. Karen has taught at that school.
    
    

8. He has a book.
    
    

9. The students have studied for the test.
    
    

10. The dog has a bone.
    
    

 

Practice
Change the sentences to questions.  Remember that when have indicates possession, you have to use Do or Does.  When have is used with the present perfect, you change the order (put have or has before the subject).

examples
He has a car.

He has driven the car.

1. She has finished the test.
    
    

2. They have a lot of money.
    
    

3. Her parents have called them.
    
    

4. Donna has a television.
    
    

5. They have a new car.
    
    

6. She has seen the movie.
    
    

7. Karen has taught at that school.
    
    

8. He has a book.
    
    

9. The students have studied for the test.
    
    

10. The dog has a bone.
    
    

 

There is another difference between have for possession and have with the present perfect.  When have indicates possession, you can't contract it but when it is used with the present perfect, you can.

They have a car.  (No contraction)
They have finished.  -   They've finished.

Practice
Contract the verb if it can be contracted.  If it can't, leave the space blank.

examples
I have visited her house.

I have a house.
I left it blank because I can't contract it.

1. They have a lot of money.
    

2. She has finished the test.
    

3. They have called them.
    

4. They have a new car.
    

5. Donna has a television.
    

6. She has seen the movie.
    

7. He has a book.
    

8. Karen has taught at that school.
    

9. They have studied for the test.
    

10. The dog has a bone.
    

 

Find the Mistake

Instructions
Find the errors in the sentences.  Write the sentences correctly.

example
She are a student. --> She is a student.

1. I hadn't to study.
  

2. She didn't had to work.
  

3. She hasn't a car. 
  

4. Have you a computer?
  

5. The children have growed a lot.
  

 

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